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Closed-End Fund Weekly
CEFinsight's Weekly Review and Outlook provides actionable intelligence on what's driving price behavior and shareholder activism in closed-end funds. The weekly update offers readers objective and unique insights from the closed-end fund experts at AST Fund Solutions.
Closed-End Fund Monthly
AST's monthly update on key actions by closed-end funds and activist investors in CEFs is a widely-read resource utilized by closed-end fund executives and investors alike. We supplement this report with daily Alerts on this website and Special Reports from the closed-end fund group at AST Fund Solutions.
Special Reports
Special Reports from AST Fund Solutions cover topics ranging from studies of tender offers (and other fund actions) to institutional investment behavior in closed-end funds. Our Special Reports are designed to be concise and actionable. The research team at AST Fund Solutions also conducts special studies at the request of issuers.

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About Us is a service of AST Fund Solutions' Closed-End Fund Group. We are the premier provider of analyses of trends, corporate actions, and shareholder activism impacting closed-end funds. was developed in response to client inquiries about the need for a central information resource for executives of closed-end funds and reader inquiries concerning customized research to gain greater historical context and understanding about activist shareholders and factors driving both activist and general investment behavior (flows) in closed-end funds. The online database contains historical entries (edited and updated where necessary) and current entries that have appeared in our monthly reports on Activist & Key Corporate Actions. Information contained in our latest monthly reports, which cover calendar month periods and are generally issued in the middle of the following month, will be available via the online database generally concurrent with the release of each monthly report.

AST Fund Solutions is the leading provider of proxy solicitation services for closed-end funds in the United States. We specialize in proxy services for open-end and closed-end funds, and have successfully managed a number of the largest and most difficult proxy solicitation campaigns ever conducted by closed-end funds and fund complexes. We also provide regulatory mailing services, shareholder identification, proxy voting analytics, and governance consulting. In addition, AST Fund Solutions offers a range of widely consulted publications and custom analytics.

AST Fund Solutions is an affiliate of the American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC ("AST"). AST Fund Solutions is a leading provider of registry services and technology to closed-end funds. 

AST Fund Solutions offers closed-end funds complete transfer agent, shareholder communications and activist advisory services, a 100% compliance guarantee and a simplified flat-fee billing structure.

Key Statistics Value
Stock Transfer Clients (AST and CST) 3,412
Shareholder Base (Active Accounts Maintained) 6.7 Million
Transactions Processed Annually 830,000
Value of Transactions Processed Annually $255 Billion
Full-Time Employees Dedicated to Business 732
Full-Time Technology Resources Dedicated to Business 98
Customer Service Representatives (CSRs) 105
Annual Meetings Coordinated 1,750
Corporate Actions Handled Annually 362
Shareholders Represented Annually 343,000
Value of Corporate Actions Annually $39 Billion
Investment Plans Administered 500
Number of Participants 1.25 Million
Employee Stock Purchase and Equity Plans 367
Number of Global Plan Participants Represented in Move Than 70 countries 279,000
Outgoing Mail Volume (AST and CST) 22,936,311
Number of Proxy-Related Mail Pieces Represented 1,319,940


Closed-End Fund Group

Paul Torre - Executive Vice President | 212.400.2610 |

Paul heads AST Fund Solutions, and has more than 20 years of mutual fund proxy experience. He has worked closely with many closed-end funds on high-profile proxy fights.

Frank Maresca - Executive Vice President | 718.921.8152 |

Frank manages AST Fund Solutions' CEF Fund Administration business, and has over 30 years of mutual fund, closed-end fund, prime brokerage, securities lending and custody experience.  Frank worked at JP Morgan/Bear Stearns for more than 20 years in various capacities of increasing responsibility, serving as President and Chief Executive Officer of Bear Stearns Funds Management, Inc.  Frank holds Series 7, 26 and 63 licenses from FINRA.

James Burke - Vice President, Research | 646.322.0361 |

Jim generates most of the proprietary content and analysis for the Closed-End Fund Group, and is the managing editor of He provides unmatched expertise and insight to AST Fund Solutions' closed-end fund clients.

Sean Butcher - Assistant Vice President | 212.400.2612 |

Sean manages project services for all closed-end fund clients including annual routine and non-routine meetings, shareholder identification reporting, rights offerings and tenders. Sean has more than 16 years of experience with mutual fund proxy solicitation, including managing some of the most difficult closed-end fund shareholder meetings and proxy fights.

Hoyt Peters- Vice President | 212.269.5562 |

Hoyt has a number of roles within our Closed-End Fund Group, including fund administration, generating customized studies, and


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